In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
Who is 4th in line for president?
The Secretary holds the most senior position in the President’s Cabinet. If the President were to resign or die, the Secretary of State is fourth in line of succession after the Vice President, the Speaker of the House, and the President pro tempore of the Senate.
- Since our nation was founded, America’s diplomats have played indispensable roles in maintaining security and peace at home and around the world.” Former Secretary of State James A.
- Baker III There have been 71 Secretaries of State in the nation’s history.
- Three have been women and two have been African-Americans.
In early American history, the position of Secretary was seen as a stepping stone to the Presidency. Six of the early Secretaries of State went on to become President. Secretaries of State have also typically been highly educated. Four had doctoral degrees, and four have won the Nobel Peace Prize.
Who becomes president if the president and vice president are removed from office?
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The United States Presidential in line is the order in which government officials replace the president of the United States if the president leaves office before an elected successor is inaugurated,
What happened to President Andrew Johnson?
|Portrait by Mathew Brady, c. 1870-1875|
|17th President of the United States|
|In office April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869|
|Preceded by||Abraham Lincoln|
|Succeeded by||Ulysses S. Grant|
|16th Vice President of the United States|
|In office March 4, 1865 – April 15, 1865|
|Preceded by||Hannibal Hamlin|
|Succeeded by||Schuyler Colfax|
|United States Senator from Tennessee|
|In office March 4, 1875 – July 31, 1875|
|Preceded by||William G. Brownlow|
|Succeeded by||David M. Key|
|In office October 8, 1857 – March 4, 1862|
|Preceded by||James C. Jones|
|Succeeded by||David T. Patterson|
|Military Governor of Tennessee|
|In office March 12, 1862 – March 4, 1865|
|Appointed by||Abraham Lincoln|
|Preceded by||Isham G. Harris (as Governor)|
|Succeeded by||William G. Brownlow (as Governor)|
|15th Governor of Tennessee|
|In office October 17, 1853 – November 3, 1857|
|Preceded by||William B. Campbell|
|Succeeded by||Isham G. Harris|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee ‘s 1st district|
|In office March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1853|
|Preceded by||Thomas Dickens Arnold|
|Succeeded by||Brookins Campbell|
|Mayor of Greeneville, Tennessee|
|In office 1834–1835|
|Born||December 29, 1808 Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.|
|Died||July 31, 1875 (aged 66) Elizabethton, Tennessee, U.S.|
|Cause of death||Stroke|
|Resting place||Andrew Johnson National Cemetery Greeneville, Tennessee, U.S.|
|Political party||Democratic ( c.1839–1864, 1868–1875)|
|Other political affiliations||National Union (1864–1868)|
|Spouse||Eliza McCardle ( m.) |
|Children||5, including Martha|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1862–1865|
|Rank||Brigadier General (as Military Governor of Tennessee)|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the 17th president of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869. He assumed the presidency following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, as he was vice president at that time. Johnson was a Democrat who ran with Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket, coming to office as the Civil War concluded.
- He favored quick restoration of the seceded states to the Union without protection for the newly freed people who were formerly enslaved,
- This led to conflict with the Republican -dominated Congress, culminating in his impeachment by the House of Representatives in 1868.
- He was acquitted in the Senate by one vote.
Johnson was born into poverty and never attended school. He was apprenticed as a tailor and worked in several frontier towns before settling in Greeneville, Tennessee, He served as alderman and mayor there before being elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1835.
- After briefly serving in the Tennessee Senate, Johnson was elected to the House of Representatives in 1843, where he served five two-year terms.
- He became governor of Tennessee for four years, and was elected by the legislature to the Senate in 1857.
- During his congressional service, he sought passage of the Homestead Bill which was enacted soon after he left his Senate seat in 1862.
Southern slave states seceded to form the Confederate States of America, including Tennessee, but Johnson remained firmly with the Union. He was the only sitting senator from a Confederate state who did not resign his seat upon learning of his state’s secession.
- In 1862, Lincoln appointed him as Military Governor of Tennessee after most of it had been retaken.
- In 1864, Johnson was a logical choice as running mate for Lincoln, who wished to send a message of national unity in his re-election campaign, and became vice president after a victorious election in 1864,
Johnson implemented his own form of Presidential Reconstruction, a series of proclamations directing the seceded states to hold conventions and elections to reform their civil governments. Southern states returned many of their old leaders and passed Black Codes to deprive the freedmen of many civil liberties, but Congressional Republicans refused to seat legislators from those states and advanced legislation to overrule the Southern actions.
- Johnson vetoed their bills, and Congressional Republicans overrode him, setting a pattern for the remainder of his presidency.
- Johnson opposed the Fourteenth Amendment which gave citizenship to former slaves.
- In 1866, he went on an unprecedented national tour promoting his executive policies, seeking to break Republican opposition.
As the conflict grew between the branches of government, Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act restricting Johnson’s ability to fire Cabinet officials. He persisted in trying to dismiss Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, but ended up being impeached by the House of Representatives and narrowly avoided conviction in the Senate.
He did not win the 1868 Democratic presidential nomination and left office the following year. Johnson returned to Tennessee after his presidency and gained some vindication when he was elected to the Senate in 1875, making him the only president to afterwards serve in the Senate. He died five months into his term.
Johnson’s strong opposition to federally guaranteed rights for black Americans is widely criticized. Historians have consistently ranked him one of the worst presidents in American history.
How many vice presidents have become president?
The stories of the individuals who have served as vice president illustrate the changing character of the office. Most vice presidents have brought to the office significant public service experience, including as members of Congress or state governors.
Some came to their role as president of the Senate already familiar with the body, having served as U.S. senators. Several vice presidents later returned to serve again in the Senate, among them former president Andrew Johnson. Two vice presidents, George Clinton and John C. Calhoun, held the office under two different presidents.
Of the 15 vice presidents who went on to become president, eight succeeded to the office on the death of a president, and four of these were later elected president. Two vice presidents, Hannibal Hamlin and Henry Wallace, were dropped from the ticket after their first term, only to see their successors become president months after taking office when the president died.
Similarly, when Spiro Agnew resigned, he was replaced under the provisions of the Twenty-fifth Amendment by Gerald R. Ford, who then became president when Richard M. Nixon resigned less than a year later.1. Jefferson ran against Adams for president. Since he received the second highest electoral vote, he automatically became vice president under the system that existed at the time.
“Republican” refers to two different parties widely separated in time: Jeffersonian Republicans of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and the present Republican Party, which was founded in the 1850s. The service dates should make clear which of the two parties is intended.2.
- In the nation’s early years, electors did not differentiate between their votes for president and vice president, and the runner-up for president became vice president.
- In 1800 Jefferson and Burr each received 73 electoral votes, thus sending the election to the House of Representatives, which selected Jefferson as president.
Burr automatically became vice president. This stalemate led to adoption of the Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution in 1804.3. George Clinton died in office April 20, 1812 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1813.4. Elbridge Gerry died in office November 23, 1814 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1817.5.
- By 1820 the Federalist Party was defunct, and a period of party realignment began that continued until 1840 when the Whig and Democratic Parties became established.
- In the interim, party affiliations underwent considerable flux.
- For much of that time, the split fell between the supporters and opponents of Andrew Jackson.
The pro-Jackson forces evolved into the Democratic Party, while those opposing Jackson eventually coalesced into the Whig Party.6. All the presidential candidates in 1824 were Republicans—although of varying persuasions—and Calhoun had support for the vice presidency from both the Adams and Jackson camps.
- As no presidential candidate received the necessary majority of electoral votes, the House of Representatives made the decision.
- Calhoun, however, received a clear majority (182 of 260) of the vice-presidential electoral votes.7. John C.
- Calhoun resigned on December 28, 1832 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1833.8.
The Democratic Party was not yet formally created during Jackson’s two terms as president but developed later from his supporters.9. Since no vice presidential candidate received a majority of the electoral vote in the 1836 election, the U.S. Senate elected Richard M.
- Johnson as vice president on February 8, 1837.
- Johnson’s election is the only time the Senate has exercised this constitutional authority, granted by the Twelfth Amendment, which provides, “if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President.” 10.
Although Tyler ran on the Whig ticket, he remained a Democrat throughout his life.11. John Tyler succeeded to the presidency on April 6, 1841; vice presidency remained vacant until 1845.12. Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on July 10, 1850 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1853.13.
William Rufus King died in office on April 18, 1853 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1857.14. Johnson was a War Democrat, who ran on a fusion ticket with Republican President Abraham Lincoln.15. Andrew Johnson succeeded to the presidency on April 15, 1865 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1869.16.
Henry Wilson died in office on November 22, 1875 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1877.17. Chester A. Arthur succeeded to the presidency on September 20, 1881 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1885.18. Thomas A. Hendricks died in office on November 25, 1885 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1889.19.
- Garret A. Hobart died in office on November 21, 1899 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1901.20.
- Theodore Roosevelt succeeded to the presidency on September 14, 1901 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1905.21. James S.
- Sherman died in office on October 30, 1912 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1913.22.
Calvin Coolidge succeeded to the presidency on August 3, 1923 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1925.23. Harry S. Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1949.24. Lyndon B. Johnson succeeded to the presidency on November 22, 1963 and the vice presidency remained vacant until 1965.25.
Spiro T. Agnew resigned on October 10, 1973 and the vice presidency remained vacant until December 6, 1973.26. Lyndon Johnson’s succession to the presidency in 1963 following the assassination of John F. Kennedy left the vice presidency vacant for the 16th time in U.S. history. To avoid such a vacancy in the future, Congress passed and the states ratified the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the U.S.
Constitution in 1967, allowing for the appointment and confirmation of a new vice president if such a vacancy occurs. Gerald Ford became the first vice president to be nominated by the president and confirmed by the Congress pursuant to the Twenty-fifth Amendment.
Ford took the oath of office as vice president on December 6, 1973, and served until August 9, 1974, when he succeeded to the presidency.27. Gerald R. Ford succeeded to the presidency on August 9, 1974 and the vice presidency remained vacant until December 19, 1974.28. Following succession to the presidency after the resignation of Richard Nixon in 1974, Gerald Ford nominated Nelson Rockefeller as vice president, as prescribed by the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the U.S.
Constitution. Rockefeller took the oath of office in the Senate Chamber on December 19, 1974. Television cameras that had been recently installed in the Senate Chamber in anticipation of a possible impeachment trial of Richard Nixon were instead used to televise the swearing in of Vice President Rockefeller.
Who is last in line to succeed the presidency?
Vice president of the United States If the vice president is not able to fulfill the duties of president, the role is passed to another leader in the order of presidential succession.
Who becomes President in the absence of President?
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
Who was the youngest President?
The youngest person to become U.S. president was Theodore Roosevelt, who, at age 42, succeeded to the office after the assassination of William McKinley. The youngest at the time of their election to the office was John F. Kennedy, at age 43.
Are all the presidents related?
Ancestral background of presidents of the United States Map showing ancestry The ancestral background of presidents of the United States has been relatively consistent throughout American history. With the exception of and perhaps, every president has ancestors from the, which in turn makes many of them distantly related to one another.
- Ennedy was of pure descent, Van Buren was of lineage; and Eisenhower was of and heritage.
- Is the only president to have recent ancestry from outside ; his paternal family is of the of,
- He is also believed to be a direct descendant of, a colonial-era slave born in modern-day,
- Despite speculation, there is no evidence that any of the United States of America’s presidents have had any ancestry.
The most common ethnic groups in the were those hailing from either or, Those of other backgrounds (such as Irish, Dutch, German, or ) would see attempts to assimilate them into the dominant and predominately, Some political groups within the United States were adamantly opposed to identifying with a foreign nation and would coin those who did as,
What was Andrew Johnson last words?
Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) ” My right side is paralyzed. I need no doctor. I can overcome my own troubles.’ Johnson died of a stroke soon after at the age of 66.
Who was the only Bachelor President?
James Buchanan The biography for President Buchanan and past presidents is courtesy of the White House Historical Association. James Buchanan, the 15th President of the United States (1857-1861), served immediately prior to the American Civil War. He remains the only President to be elected from Pennsylvania and to remain a lifelong bachelor.
- Tall, stately, stiffly formal in the high stock he wore around his jowls, James Buchanan was the only President who never married.
- Presiding over a rapidly dividing Nation, Buchanan grasped inadequately the political realities of the time.
- Relying on constitutional doctrines to close the widening rift over slavery, he failed to understand that the North would not accept constitutional arguments which favored the South.
Nor could he realize how sectionalism had realigned political parties: the Democrats split; the Whigs were destroyed, giving rise to the Republicans. Born into a well-to-do Pennsylvania family in 1791, Buchanan, a graduate of Dickinson College, was gifted as a debater and learned in the law.
- He was elected five times to the House of Representatives; then, after an interlude as Minister to Russia, served for a decade in the Senate.
- He became Polk’s Secretary of State and Pierce’s Minister to Great Britain.
- Service abroad helped to bring him the Democratic nomination in 1856 because it had exempted him from involvement in bitter domestic controversies.
As President-elect, Buchanan thought the crisis would disappear if he maintained a sectional balance in his appointments and could persuade the people to accept constitutional law as the Supreme Court interpreted it. The Court was considering the legality of restricting slavery in the territories, and two justices hinted to Buchanan what the decision would be.
- Thus, in his Inaugural the President referred to the territorial question as “happily, a matter of but little practical importance” since the Supreme Court was about to settle it “speedily and finally.” Two days later Chief Justice Roger B.
- Taney delivered the Dred Scott decision, asserting that Congress had no constitutional power to deprive persons of their property rights in slaves in the territories.
Southerners were delighted, but the decision created a furor in the North. Buchanan decided to end the troubles in Kansas by urging the admission of the territory as a slave state. Although he directed his Presidential authority to this goal, he further angered the Republicans and alienated members of his own party.
- Ansas remained a territory.
- When Republicans won a plurality in the House in 1858, every significant bill they passed fell before southern votes in the Senate or a Presidential veto.
- The Federal Government reached a stalemate.
- Sectional strife rose to such a pitch in 1860 that the Democratic Party split into northern and southern wings, each nominating its own candidate for the Presidency.
Consequently, when the Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, it was a foregone conclusion that he would be elected even though his name appeared on no southern ballot. Rather than accept a Republican administration, the southern “fire-eaters” advocated secession.
- President Buchanan, dismayed and hesitant, denied the legal right of states to secede but held that the Federal Government legally could not prevent them.
- He hoped for compromise, but secessionist leaders did not want compromise.
- Then Buchanan took a more militant tack.
- As several Cabinet members resigned, he appointed northerners, and sent the Star of the West to carry reinforcements to Fort Sumter.
On January 9, 1861, the vessel was far away. Buchanan reverted to a policy of inactivity that continued until he left office. In March 1861 he retired to his Pennsylvania home Wheatland–where he died seven years later–leaving his successor to resolve the frightful issue facing the Nation.
Has a vice president ever been removed from office?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Constitution of the United States gives Congress the authority to remove the vice president of the United States from office in two separate proceedings. The first one takes place in the House of Representatives, which impeaches the vice president by approving articles of impeachment through a simple majority vote.
The second proceeding, the impeachment trial, takes place in the Senate, There, conviction on any of the articles requires a two-thirds majority vote and would result in the removal from office (if currently sitting), and possible debarment from holding future office. No United States vice president has been impeached.
One has gone through an impeachment inquiry, however, without being formally impeached.
What President had the most children?
Home Page About Sherwood Watch it Evolve Ghosts Tree Map Genealogy Directions Contact Us Related Links Tours Worlds Only Presidential Home Virtual Tour! Copyright © 2002 Xperts, Inc. Genealogy of John Tyler and his Descendants John Tyler was the most prolific of all American President: he had 15 children and two wives.
In 1813, Tyler married Letitia Christian, the daughter of a Virginia planter. They had eight children. She was an invalid when Tyler became president and made only one public appearance, at her daughter Elizabeth’s marriage in 1842. Letitia Christian Tyler, the President’s first wife, died in the White House in September, 1842.
A few months later, Tyler began courting 23-year-old Julia Gardiner, a beautiful and wealthy New Yorker. When they were married in New York City on June 26, 1844, Tyler became the first president to be wed while in office. He was 30 years older than his bride.
I. Married Letitia CHRISTIAN (12 Nov 1790 – 10 Sep 1842)
Mary TYLER (15 Apr 1815-17 Jun 1847) married Henry Lightfoot JONES (1813 – 1870)
John JONES unmarried Henry L. JONES (d. ca.1890) unmarried Robert Tyler JONES (1843 – 1895) married Sally Breeden GRESHAM (1868 – 1951)
Robert TYLER (09 Sep 1816 – 03 Dec 1877) married Elizabeth Priscilla COOPER (1816 – 1889)
Mary Fairlie TYLER (1840 – 1845) Letitia Christian TYLER (1842 – 1927) John TYLER (1844 – 1845) Grace R. TYLER (1846 – 1919) married John Baytop SCOTT (1831 – 1894) Priscilla Cooper TYLER (1849 – 1936) married Albert Taylor GOODWYN (1842 -1931) Elizabeth TYLER (1852 – 1928) married Thomas Gardner FOSTER (1845-1915) Julia Campbell TYLER (1854 – 1884) married Henry Hewlings TYSON (1845 -1887) Robert TYLER, Jr. (1857-1937)
Anne C. Tyler (died at birth) unmarried John TYLER (17 Apr 1819 – 26 Jan 1896) married Martha ROCHELLE (1820 – 1867)
James Rochelle TYLER (b.1839) unmarried Letitia Christian TYLER (1844 – 1863) married William Briggs SHANDS (1820 – 1906) Martha Rochelle TYLER (1846 – 1928) unmarried
Letitia Christian TYLER (11 May 1821 – 28 Dec 1907) married James Allen SEMPLE (d. late 1870s) Elizabeth TYLER (11 Jul 1823 – 01 Jun 1850) married William Nevison WALLER (1820 -1870)
William Griffin WALLER (1842 – 1894) married Jennie Kent HOWELL; married Elizabeth Hale AUSTIN John Tyler WALLER killed in action. Confederate Letitia WALLER Mary Stuart WALLER married Gen Louis G. YOUNG Robert WALLER married Emily JOHNSTONE
Alice TYLER (23 Mar 1827 – 08 Jun 1854) married Rev. Henry Mandeville DENISON (1822-1858)
Elizabeth Russell DENISON (1852 – 1928) married William Gaston ALLEN (1849 -1891); married Rev. WILLIAMSON
Tazewell TYLER (06 Dec 1830 – 08 Jan 1874) married Nannie BRIDGES
Martha TYLER (d.1943) James TYLER married: May ?
II. Married Julia GARDINER (23 Jul 1820 – 10 Jul 1889)
David Gardiner TYLER (12 Jul 1846 – 05 Sep 1927) married Mary Morris JONES (1865 -1931)
Mary Lyon TYLER (1895 -1975) married George Peterkin GAMBLE (b.1899) Margaret Gardiner TYLER (03 Feb 1897 – ? ) married Stephen Fowler CHADWICK (1894 -1975) David Gardiner TYLER (b.1899) married Anne Morton SHELTON (1900 – 1977); married Marion Field McWhorter WEBB James Alfred Jones TYLER (1902 – 1971) married Katherine THOMASON (1909 -1967)
John Alexander TYLER (07 Apr 1848 – 01 Sep 1883) married Sarah Griswold GARDINER (1848 – 1927)
? TYLER (1876 – 1876) born Christmas at Sherwood Forest Samuel Gardiner TYLER (1879 – 1892) Lillian Gardiner TYLER (1879 -1989) married Alben N. MARGRAF; married -?- FARLOW
Julia Gardiner TYLER (25 Dec 1849 – 08 May 1871) married William H. SPENCER
Julia Tyler SPENCER (1871 – 1955) married George FLEUROT; married W. (or H.) Durant CHEEVER
Lachlan TYLER (02 Dec 1851 – 26 Jan 1902) married Georgia Webb POWELL Lyon Gardiner TYLER (24 Aug 1853 -12 Feb 1935)
Married (1) Anne Baker TUCKER (1857 -1921)
Julia Gardiner TYLER (1881 -1965) married James Southall WILSON (1880 – 1963) Elizabeth Gilmer TYLER (1885 -1976) married Captain Alfred Hart MILES (1883 – 1956) John TYLER (1887 -1969) married Elizabeth PARKER (b.1894)
Married (2) Sue RUFFIN (1889 -1953)
Lyon Gardiner TYLER, Jr. (b.1924) married Lucy Jane POPE (b.1924) Harrison Ruffin TYLER (b.1928) married Frances Payne BOUKNIGHT (b.1933) Henry TYLER ( 1931 – 1931)
Robert Fitzwalter TYLER (12 Mar 1856 – 31 Dec 1927) married Fannie GLENN Pearl TYLER (20 Jun 1860 -30 Jun 1947) married William Munford ELLIS (1846 – 1921)
Pearl Tyler ELLIS (1885 -1979) John Tyler ELLIS (b.1887) married Helen Rogers WATSON (d.1983) Leila MacLachlan ELLIS (b.1888) married Ambrose Madison MARYE (b.1887) Cornelia Horsford ELLIS (b.1891) married Yolverton Evans BOOKER, Jr. Gardiner Tyler ELLIS (b.1893) William Munford ELLIS (1891 -ca.1922) married Ruth WOODS Julia Fleurot ELLIS (1898 -1988) married William K. ROBINSON (d.1962) Lyon Alexander ELLIS (1900 – 1954 ) married Margaret NORTHCROSS
Another site to get Genealogy for all the presidents is Presidents of the United States – POTUS
Who is the longest living vice president?
Age of vice presidents – Bar graph depicting the age of vice presidents when assuming office The median age upon accession to the vice presidency is around 54 years and 10 months. This is about how old John Adams and Hubert Humphrey were at the time they entered office. The youngest person to assume office was John C.
Breckinridge, at the age of 36 years, 47 days. Serving only one term, he became and remains the youngest at the time of leaving office; the oldest at the time of entering office was Alben W. Barkley, at the age of 71 years, 57 days. He was also the oldest when he left office. Born on January 16, 1821, John C.
Breckinridge was younger than five of his successors, the greatest number to date: Andrew Johnson (12 years and 18 days); Hannibal Hamlin (11 years, 4 months, and 20 days); Henry Wilson (8 years and 11 months); William A. Wheeler (1 year, 6 months, and 17 days); and Thomas A.
- Hendricks (1 year, 4 months, and 9 days).
- Born on July 8, 1908, Nelson Rockefeller was older than five of his predecessors, the greatest number to date: Lyndon B.
- Johnson (1 month and 19 days); Hubert Humphrey (2 years, 10 months, and 19 days); Richard Nixon (4 years, 6 months, and 1 day); Gerald Ford (5 years and 6 days); and Spiro Agnew (10 years, 4 months, and 1 day).
Three vice presidents—Hannibal Hamlin, Charles G. Dawes, and Lyndon B. Johnson—were born on August 27 (in 1809, 1865, and 1908 respectively). This is the only day of the year having the birthday of multiple vice presidents. The oldest living vice president is Dick Cheney, born on January 30, 1941 (age 82 years, 93 days).
The youngest living vice president is the incumbent, Kamala Harris, born on October 20, 1964 (age 58 years, 195 days). The shortest-lived vice president was Daniel D. Tompkins, who died at the age of 50 years, 355 days, only 99 days after leaving office. The longest-lived was John Nance Garner, who died on November 7, 1967, at the age of 98 years, 350 days.
He is one of six U.S. vice presidents (along with Levi P. Morton, George H.W. Bush, Gerald Ford, Walter Mondale and John Adams ) to have lived into their 90s. Daniel D. Tompkins had the shortest post-vice-presidency timespan, dying just three months after leaving office.
Which presidents served 2 terms?
The biography for President Cleveland and past presidents is courtesy of the White House Historical Association. The first Democrat elected after the Civil War in 1885, our 22nd and 24th President Grover Cleveland was the only President to leave the White House and return for a second term four years later (1885-1889 and 1893-1897).The First Democrat elected after the Civil War, Grover Cleveland was the only President to leave the White House and return for a second term four years later.
One of nine children of a Presbyterian minister, Cleveland was born in New Jersey in 1837. He was raised in upstate New York. As a lawyer in Buffalo, he became notable for his single-minded concentration upon whatever task faced him. At 44, he emerged into a political prominence that carried him to the White House in three years.
- Running as a reformer, he was elected Mayor of Buffalo in 1881, and later, Governor of New York.
- Cleveland won the Presidency with the combined support of Democrats and reform Republicans, the “Mugwumps,” who disliked the record of his opponent James G.
- Blaine of Maine.
- A bachelor, Cleveland was ill at ease at first with all the comforts of the White House.
“I must go to dinner,” he wrote a friend, “but I wish it was to eat a pickled herring a Swiss cheese and a chop at Louis’ instead of the French stuff I shall find.” In June 1886 Cleveland married 21-year-old Frances Folsom; he was the only President married in the White House.
- Cleveland vigorously pursued a policy barring special favors to any economic group.
- Vetoing a bill to appropriate $10,000 to distribute seed grain among drought-stricken farmers in Texas, he wrote: “Federal aid in such cases encourages the expectation of paternal care on the part of the Government and weakens the sturdiness of our national character.
” He also vetoed many private pension bills to Civil War veterans whose claims were fraudulent. When Congress, pressured by the Grand Army of the Republic, passed a bill granting pensions for disabilities not caused by military service, Cleveland vetoed it, too.
He angered the railroads by ordering an investigation of western lands they held by Government grant. He forced them to return 81,000,000 acres. He also signed the Interstate Commerce Act, the first law attempting Federal regulation of the railroads. In December 1887 he called on Congress to reduce high protective tariffs.
Told that he had given Republicans an effective issue for the campaign of 1888, he retorted, “What is the use of being elected or re-elected unless you stand for something?” But Cleveland was defeated in 1888; although he won a larger popular majority than the Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison, he received fewer electoral votes.
- Elected again in 1892, Cleveland faced an acute depression.
- He dealt directly with the Treasury crisis rather than with business failures, farm mortgage foreclosures, and unemployment.
- He obtained repeal of the mildly inflationary Sherman Silver Purchase Act and, with the aid of Wall Street, maintained the Treasury’s gold reserve.
When railroad strikers in Chicago violated an injunction, Cleveland sent Federal troops to enforce it. “If it takes the entire army and navy of the United States to deliver a post card in Chicago,” he thundered, “that card will be delivered.” Cleveland’s blunt treatment of the railroad strikers stirred the pride of many Americans.
So did the vigorous way in which he forced Great Britain to accept arbitration of a disputed boundary in Venezuela. But his policies during the depression were generally unpopular. His party deserted him and nominated William Jennings Bryan in 1896. After leaving the White House, Cleveland lived in retirement in Princeton, New Jersey.
He died in 1908. Learn more about Grover Cleveland’s spouse,, : Grover Cleveland
What are the 4 types of presidents?
Background – Barber was born on July 31, 1930, in Charleston, West Virginia, to a physician and a nurse. In the 1950s he served in the United States Army as a counter-intelligence agent before attending the University of Chicago, where he earned a master’s degree in political science.
- He earned a Ph.D.
- In the same field from Yale University,
- He joined the faculty at Duke University in 1972, and became a full professor there in 1977.
- Before going to Duke he had taught at Stetson University in DeLand, Florida.
- He is credited in the field of political science for being the first to examine presidents beyond case studies.
He devised a system of organizing a president’s character into either active-positive, passive-positive, active-negative, or passive-negative.
Traits of an active-positive president include: a readiness to act, high optimism, and an overall fondness of the presidency. Some examples of presidents Barber cites as active-positive include Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Jimmy Carter, and Gerald Ford, Traits of a passive-positive president include: a low self-esteem compensated by an ingratiating personality, superficially optimistic, and a desire to please. Examples of passive-positive presidents include William Howard Taft, Ronald Reagan, and Warren G. Harding, Traits of an active-negative president include: lack of deriving joy after expending much effort on tasks, aggressive, highly rigid, and having a general view of power as a means to self-realization. Examples of active-negative presidents include Woodrow Wilson, Herbert Hoover, and Richard Nixon, Traits of a passive-negative president include: a strong sense of duty, desire to avoid power, low self-esteem compensated by service towards others, and an overall aversion to intense political negotiation. Presidential examples include Calvin Coolidge and Dwight D. Eisenhower,
What is the 25th Amendment?
Section 1: In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
Who succeeded Obama as president?
|United States Senator from Illinois|
|In office January 15, 2009 – November 29, 2010|
|Appointed by||Rod Blagojevich|
|Preceded by||Barack Obama|
|Succeeded by||Mark Kirk|
|39th Attorney General of Illinois|
|In office January 14, 1991 – January 9, 1995|
|Preceded by||Neil Hartigan|
|Succeeded by||Jim Ryan|
|3rd Comptroller of Illinois|
|In office January 8, 1979 – January 14, 1991|
|Governor||James R. Thompson|
|Preceded by||Michael Bakalis|
|Succeeded by||Dawn Clark Netsch|
|Born||Roland Wallace Burris August 3, 1937 (age 85) Centralia, Illinois, U.S.|
|Education||Southern Illinois University, Carbondale ( BA ) Howard University ( JD )|
Roland Wallace Burris (born August 3, 1937) is an American retired politician and attorney who served as a United States Senator from Illinois from 2009 to 2010, succeeding Barack Obama who resigned to become president of the United States, He is a member of the Democratic Party,
- In 1978, Burris was the first African American elected to statewide office in Illinois, when he was elected Illinois Comptroller,
- He served in that office until his election as Illinois Attorney General in 1990.
- Since then, he has unsuccessfully run for office four more times.
- Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich appointed Burris to replace President-elect Barack Obama as the junior senator from Illinois.
The appointment was controversial, as the governor was already under investigation and there were rumors of his being paid for the appointment. Burris succeeded Obama as the U.S. Senate’s only African American member. He was briefly a candidate for election to a full term but withdrew before the Democratic primaries in the 2010 elections,
Who was the last president to run 3 times?
Seal of the President (1894–1945)
The third presidential term of Franklin D. Roosevelt began on January 20, 1941, when he was once again inaugurated as the 32nd president of the United States, and the fourth term of his presidency ended with his death on April 12, 1945. Roosevelt won a third term by defeating Republican nominee Wendell Willkie in the 1940 United States presidential election,
- He remains the only president to serve for more than two terms.
- Unlike his first two terms, Roosevelt’s third and fourth terms were dominated by foreign policy concerns, as the United States became involved in World War II in December 1941.
- Roosevelt won congressional approval of the Lend-Lease program, which was designed to aid the United Kingdom in its war against Nazi Germany, while the US remained officially neutral.
After Germany began war against the Soviet Union in June 1941, Roosevelt extended Lend-Lease to the Soviet Union as well. In Asia, Roosevelt provided aid to the Republic of China, which was resisting an invasion by the Empire of Japan, In response to the July 1941 Japanese occupation of French Indochina, Roosevelt expanded a trade embargo to cut off oil that Japan urgently needed for its fleet.
When Roosevelt refused to end the embargo, on December 7, 1941, Japan launched an attack on the U.S. fleet stationed at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Isolationist sentiment in the US immediately collapsed and Congress declared war on Japan, After Germany declared war on the US, Congress declared war on it and Italy.
To win the war, the US, Britain and USSR assembled a large coalition of Allied Powers, The U.S. funded much of the war efforts of the other allies, and supplied munitions, food, and oil. In consultation with his Army and Navy and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Roosevelt decided on a Europe first strategy, which focused on defeating Germany before Japan.
In practice, however, in 1942 and 1943 the U.S. focused on fighting Japan. In late 1942 U.S. began its ground campaign against Germany with an invasion of North Africa. The German and Italian forces surrendered in May 1943, opening the way for the invasions of Sicily and Italy. Meanwhile, the U.S. Navy won a decisive victory over Japan in the Battle of Midway and began a campaign of island hopping in the Pacific.
In 1943, the Allies launched an invasion of Italy and continued to pursue the island hopping strategy. The top Allied leaders met at the Tehran Conference in 1943, where they began to discuss post-war plans. Among the concepts discussed was the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization championed by Roosevelt that would replace the League of Nations after the war.
In 1944, the U.S. launched a successful invasion of northern France and won a decisive naval victory over Japan in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, By the time of Roosevelt’s death in April 1945, the U.S. had occupied portions of Germany and was in the process of capturing Okinawa, Germany and Japan surrendered in May–August 1945 during the administration of Roosevelt’s successor Harry S.
Truman, who previously served as Roosevelt’s Vice President. Though foreign affairs dominated Roosevelt’s third and fourth terms, important developments also took place on the home front. The military buildup spurred economic growth, and unemployment fell precipitously.
The United States excelled at war production; in 1944, it produced more military aircraft than the combined output of Germany, Japan, Britain, and the Soviet Union. The United States also established the Manhattan Project to produce the world’s first nuclear weapons, As in Roosevelt’s second term, the conservative coalition prevented Roosevelt from passing major domestic legislation, though it did increase taxes to help pay for the war.
Congress also passed the G.I. Bill, which provided several benefits to World War II veterans. Roosevelt avoided imposing heavy-handed censorship or harsh crackdowns on war-time dissent, but his administration relocated and interned over a hundred thousand Japanese Americans,
- Roosevelt also prohibited religious and racial discrimination in the defense industry and established the Fair Employment Practice Committee, the first national program designed to prevent employment discrimination.
- Scholars, historians, and the public typically rank Roosevelt alongside Abraham Lincoln and George Washington as one of the three greatest U.S.
Who resigned for president?
Background – With the release on August 5, 1974 of several, one of which was the “smoking gun” tape, recorded soon after the break-in, and which demonstrated that had been told of the connection to the Watergate burglaries soon after they took place, and had approved plans to thwart the investigation, Nixon’s all but evaporated, and his political support collapsed.
Nixon met with Republican congressional leaders two days later, and was told that he would face certain in the House and subsequent removal from office in the Senate. That night, knowing his presidency was effectively over, Nixon finalized his decision to resign. The president’s speechwriter wrote the resignation speech.
It was delivered on the evening of August 8, 1974 from the Oval Office and was carried live on radio and television.
Who was the 3rd and 4th President?
This site will be updated on a regular basis. List of U.S. Presidents.
|1. George Washington||25. William McKinley|
|2. John Adams||26. Theodore Roosevelt|
|3. Thomas Jefferson||27. William Howard Taft|
|4. James Madison||28. Woodrow Wilson|
Who is the only man to be elected president four times?
The biography for President Roosevelt and past presidents is courtesy of the White House Historical Association. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and asserted in his Inaugural Address, “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” Born in 1882 at Hyde Park, New York–now a national historic site–he attended Harvard University and Columbia Law School.
On St. Patrick’s Day, 1905, he married Eleanor Roosevelt. Following the example of his fifth cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt, whom he greatly admired, Franklin D. Roosevelt entered public service through politics, but as a Democrat. He won election to the New York Senate in 1910. President Wilson appointed him Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and he was the Democratic nominee for Vice President in 1920.
In the summer of 1921, when he was 39, disaster hit-he was stricken with poliomyelitis. Demonstrating indomitable courage, he fought to regain the use of his legs, particularly through swimming. At the 1924 Democratic Convention he dramatically appeared on crutches to nominate Alfred E.
Smith as “the Happy Warrior.” In 1928 Roosevelt became Governor of New York. He was elected President in November 1932, to the first of four terms. By March there were 13,000,000 unemployed, and almost every bank was closed. In his first “hundred days,” he proposed, and Congress enacted, a sweeping program to bring recovery to business and agriculture, relief to the unemployed and to those in danger of losing farms and homes, and reform, especially through the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority.
By 1935 the Nation had achieved some measure of recovery, but businessmen and bankers were turning more and more against Roosevelt’s New Deal program. They feared his experiments, were appalled because he had taken the Nation off the gold standard and allowed deficits in the budget, and disliked the concessions to labor.
- Roosevelt responded with a new program of reform: Social Security, heavier taxes on the wealthy, new controls over banks and public utilities, and an enormous work relief program for the unemployed.
- In 1936 he was re-elected by a top-heavy margin.
- Feeling he was armed with a popular mandate, he sought legislation to enlarge the Supreme Court, which had been invalidating key New Deal measures.
Roosevelt lost the Supreme Court battle, but a revolution in constitutional law took place. Thereafter the Government could legally regulate the economy. Roosevelt had pledged the United States to the “good neighbor” policy, transforming the Monroe Doctrine from a unilateral American manifesto into arrangements for mutual action against aggressors.
- He also sought through neutrality legislation to keep the United States out of the war in Europe, yet at the same time to strengthen nations threatened or attacked.
- When France fell and England came under siege in 1940, he began to send Great Britain all possible aid short of actual military involvement.
When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt directed organization of the Nation’s manpower and resources for global war. Feeling that the future peace of the world would depend upon relations between the United States and Russia, he devoted much thought to the planning of a United Nations, in which, he hoped, international difficulties could be settled.
What is the fourth role of the president?
The four roles and functions of the President of the United States are Chief Executive, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, Chief Diplomat, and Chief Legislator. These roles are essential for the success of the President and the health of the nation’s government.
How is the line of succession determined?
The succession to the throne is regulated not only through descent, but also by Parliamentary statute. The order of succession is the sequence of members of the Royal Family in the order in which they stand in line to the throne.